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D-d Environmental projects

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Le Grand Paris project is often linked to a simple transport project, nevertheless this idea is false.
Indeed, even if the government does not already taken official decisions for Paris Ile-de-France in
order to reduce the ecological impact.

Indeed, the government wants to create a Paris Ile-de-France eco-friendly. According to Jean-Robert
Mazaud, a sustainable city is an urban area able to recycle its wastes in order to aliment its agricultural
productions, and also creates some energy. A sustainable city is also able to reabsorb its CO2
emissions, and use all its spatial territory with efficiency(129).

One “simple” project has been presented by MVRDV, which consists to create a new forest of 1
million trees dispatched on 2500 hectares in Roissy. This would impact the noise generated by the
airport and will reduce the CO2 impact of the planes(130). The agency also proposed to cover the ring of
Paris, to create an urban park, which would reduce the disparity between Paris and the suburbs.

The agency also thought to develop solar panels on the buildings’ roofs of Paris, or use the Seine
natural flow to produce electricity. Another idea from MVRDV to produce sustainable energy for
Paris would also be to place some windmills around the territory borders(131). If these ideas are applied,
the region could stand-alone in order to produce all the energy needed for the good functioning of the

LIN agency promoted the urban agriculture as part of its program for Le Grand Paris. According to
Joseph Hanimann, the goal of this proposition is not to create an economic growth, but more to have a
primordial symbol, and establish a spirit in the city(132).

By investing in different projects, the government should create a city more eco-friendly with a new
economic opportunities. Indeed behind this project to ensure a Green city, we can imagine the new
regional positioning as explained by porter(133) that the government wants to provide to the region.

Indeed, Green investments bring economic growth with an innovative way. Development of new
business (creation of new jobs), reduction of CO2 and improvement of the quality of life should be the
results expected by these new policies.

129 Michèle Leloup, Marion Bertone, « Le Grand Paris, les coulisses de la consultation », 2009, P.P 57
130 MVRDV, Le Grand Pari(s), Consultation internationale sur l’avenir de la métropole Parisienne, P.P 125
131 Michèle Leloup, Marion Bertone, « Le Grand Paris, les coulisses de la consultation », 2009, P.P 177-178
132 Michèle Leloup, Marion Bertone, « Le Grand Paris, les coulisses de la consultation », 2009, P.P 160
133 Porter M. E. et Stern S. « Innovation: Location Matters», MIT Sloan Management Review n° 4, 2001, P.P. 28 to 37

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