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B-c The legal status of “Grand Paris”

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To support the different projects which will be set up to create the Greater Paris, the parliament has
voted different laws. Indeed the objectives of the project have been delimited through the law of
Grand Paris, divided into five titles, composed by 29 articles.

The 1st article describes the objectives and the functions of the project: creation of the new public
transports network, to unify the different part of the Paris Ile-de-France territory, and develop the
economy. The project is characterized as social and economic, and as the final goal to reduce the
social disequilibrium between the different places, and control the expansion of the city(72).

The first title is about the elaboration of tools and the implementation of the network of Grand Paris
public transport. According to the Article 2 of the law, the new public transport infrastructure will be
an automatic tube which will link the competitiveness centers(73).

The second title of the law is done to create “La Societé du Grand Paris”. In order to achieve these
missions, the article 7 of the law permits the creation of a public institution (“Société du Grand
Paris”). It will have the mission to create and elaborate the transit infrastructures of the Greater Paris
project. The article 8 of the law describes the functioning of this new public institution. Indeed it
declares that the board of directors of La Société du Grand Paris, will be controlled by a supervision
council. According to the article 8 this public institution directory, will be composed by three
members (Marc Veron has been elected as the president of the directory), and the supervision council
is composed by MPs, representatives of the region council, and representatives of each departments of
the region (the president elected of the supervision council is André Santini) (74).

The third title is about how the public transports of the Greater Paris will be realized, and how it will
be run. Indeed, the Article 12 of the law shows that Société du Grand Paris will manage the
investments to build the automatic tube. According to the article 13, Société du Grand Paris is the
only institution which is allowed to designate the private or public institution which will realize the

The fourth title is about the territorial development of the region, by showing all the guarantees.
Indeed the contracts done between Société du Grand Paris and the towns are quantitative and
qualitative: they have to show how the project will affect the municipalities concerned by the public
transports projects(75).

The fifth and last title of the law concerns the creation of a scientific centre named Paris-Saclay, in the
south suburbs of Paris (Essone department). Indeed the article 20 permits the creation of a public
institution “Etablissement public de Paris-Saclay”, which has the objective to develop a world leading
scientific centre(76).

Paris-Saclay according to the article 21 has to invest in infrastructures, to attract the implementations
of companies, and high educated people. The public institution will have to find investors to develop
this centre which will have to be considered as one of the best in the world. This centre will permit to
generate an economy of innovation in Paris Ile-de-France(77).

72 Assemblée Nationale, « Projet de Loi relatif au Grand Paris », Décembre 2009, P.P 3.
73 Ibid P.P. 3
74 Ibid P.P. 11-12
75 Assemblée Nationale, « Projet de Loi relatif au Grand Paris », Décembre 2009, P.P 20
76 Ibid P.P 23
77 Assemblée Nationale, « Projet de Loi relatif au Grand Paris », Décembre 2009, P .P.25

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