ABSTRACT

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Consider a long time like a business of the Countries developed, the environment imposes itself today to us like an element, a component of life, from where the necessity of his/her/its protection and its conservation. This hold of conscience caused the emergency of the international community that is mobilized itself last year to the last summit of Copenhagen facing the multiple disasters and the climatic warming up, to conjugate some efforts in order to deal with this global threat; although, the results remain mitigated. On the national plan, Cameroon entered into this fight with strong enough instruments while leading some incitatives actions to protect and to preserve biodiversity of which the flashy fact remained the struggle against the desertification, the pollution and other threats on the environment.

Far from concerning alone the public powers, because we are all victims, the danger remained imminent and precise. It requires the engagement the population, the civil society and the medias. At the same time, the environment is a very economic, not a market good, but a good that can procure the well-being and enormous wealth’s for the local development. The Cameroonian government understood it with the creation of the PV of Douala. Although until our days it offered an invalid only left of its assets to the population (especially the sportsmen), the entire city ignores the economic, environmental and social capacities that it overflows.

The objective of this work was to illuminate the politics in order to help it in the hold of decisions in the domain of the creation of the natural spaces protected like the one of the PV of Douala. We have all along this shown work that, a PV like the one of Douala appears in the register of no market economics goods capable to procure the well-being and enormous wealths for the local development. Finally, we arrived to the fact that the Course Vita of Douala cannot encourage this logic of development that if she is protected and is preserved to be valorised with its lakes, the Nkondi River that prints its throbbings on the Vita space, the forest and the circuit of sport.

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